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For last six decades, Delhi’s population has grown 10 folds to calculate 1.7 crore. However, Delhi Development Authority (DDA) says that current facilities and infrastructure cannot cater more than 1.5 crore people.
According to the reports 60 lakh more people will add to the existing figures till 2021. For the same reason, City needs more facilities to meet their needs of over 80 lakh people.
This needs additional land, covering 50,000–60,000 acres, as well as strong financial guarantee from government. As a matter of fact direct acquisition of land is not possible due to continuously increasing price as well as land owners always complaint for less compensation. In order to make way for this difficult situation, government has brought up land pooling policies to boost faster development. High floor area ratio (FAR) and a single-window mechanism are two main elements of this newly-implemented rule.
DDA and the administration have kept their role limited for this kind of development. New system is based on public-private partnership. Newly introduced Land Pooling Policy Zone will provide over 40,000 acre of new land in the outskirts like Bawana, Najafgarh and Narela.
Such vast scale advancement is required to make Delhi a highly promising property hub in the whole NCR area. Builders have officially acquired around 20,000 acres in outer areas of Delhi. And, of course they have big plans for the intelligent use of this land.
To improve the infrastructure, authorities have sanctioned INR90,000 crore to be spent for the 12th Five-Year Plan (FYP) (2012–2017), which directly means a spending of about US$882 per capita, which is of course higher than India’s normal of US$50 (for China is US$360 and US$500 for South Africa).
Financing through different means, political attention and some other changes are expected to bring significant improvement in city’s atmosphere and people’s lives.
New land policy says that Government/DDA would play the role of a facilitator only with minimum interference in order to help and speed up integrated planned development. For being the facilitator, Delhi Development Authority (DDA) will look after the below mentioned responsibilities:
Declaration of land (to be used) under land pooling – Authority will be responsible for creating and executing a system for Land Pooling Policy to:
Preparing layout/sector plans – This would largely depend on the availability of physical infrastructure on the site.
Development regulate rules – Delhi Development Authority (DDA) will formulate below mentioned rules according to the policies:
According to the new policies, land owner, a group of land owners or a developer (referred to as Developer Entity (DE) will be allowed to pool land for servicing, unified planning and others. However, it is necessary to keep all rules and regulation in mind before taking a sole step in any direction:
On the basis of Master Plan, DE (Developer Entity) will maintain adequate provision of EWS and other housing as per Shelter Policy of the Scheme. Besides, DE shall also return the prescribed developed spaces, EWS residential units and LIG Housing Components to Delhi Development Authority (DDA) as per the policy. Below mentioned terms have also been adopted by the Master Plan for EWS category:
On the According to the terms and conditions of the Master Plan, a portion of land will be equitably returned to the owner. Piece of land given back to the owner will be irrespective of the land use assigned to their land as per the Zonal Development Plan.
According to the newly introduced rules and regulations of the Master Plan, both Delhi Development Authority (DDA) and Developer Entity will ensure swift development for Master Plan roads and other necessary physical-social infrastructure and recreational areas. Master Plan has set the following roles in infrastructure development for each.
Developer Entity (DE):
Additionally infrastructure development following land use distribution in urban areas must be adopted: